The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a small tree or deciduous shrub that belongs to the family of Lythraceae. The plant can grow up to between 5 and 8 metres (16 and 26 feet) tall. The pomegranate was originally cultivated near modern-day Iran and spread to the Mediterranean region and northern India.
The tree’s flowers are an attractive, bright red and usually have three to seven petals. Some varieties that do not bear fruit are cultivated for their flowers. The pomegranate’s edible fruit is actually a berry and with regards to size sits between a lemon and grapefruit, 5–12 cm (2.0–4.7 in) in diameter.